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The Body-cathexis Scale is examined to assess its psychometric properties. Results indicate a strong unidimensional measure with high internal consistency. The Body Cathexis Scale (BCS) was the first psychometric instrument devised to measure body dissatisfaction. In this study we report the. The oriainal Bodv-cathexis Scale (BCS) used by Secord and Jourard () consisted of a list of 46 parts or aspects of the body. These were rated by.

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Body cathexis is defined as the degree of satisfaction or dissatisfaction one feels towards various parts and aspects of his or her own body. Because body image and body weight are a high priority in western culture, men and women alike face gender-based societal bodg to achieve an ideal body image, which in turn influences feelings about the body and preoccupation with size, shape, weight, and appearance. Journal of Consulting Psychology. Similarly, social stimuli may play a reciprocal role in anticipating behavior, contributing to the formation of negative catheixs about the body.

Total body cathexis BC is obtained by summing the ratings for each of the 46 characteristics and dividing by total number of items.

The resulting a was 0. Summary of item statistics 0: Procedure The questionnaire was administered in groups during a class or lecture period. Clothing and Dathexis Research Journal8 2 Nevertheless, the seven-factor solution, upon rotation, showed clear simple structure and ease of interpretation. Cultural scripting, particularly male socialization that fosters exercise involvement and physical fitness, may be partially responsible for higher body cathexis scores among males, since participation in fitness activities tends to yield significant improvement in body satisfaction.

Therefore, dissatisfaction with the fit of garments can lead cathexia lower body cathexis and negative attitudes regarding overall appearance, body dimensions, and weight. One’s perception of his or her body and the feelings sczle with this perceived image greatly influence overall satisfaction with the self and can predict levels of self-esteem. A Pearson product-moment inter-item correlation matrix was calculated and a maximum likelihood factor analysis was performed Joreskog, The items all lie within a positive manifold, the maximum inter-item correlation being 0.


He investigated the principal component structure of a item version of the bodg and discovered four orthogonal components which he designated, Health and Scake Fitness, Face and Overall Appearance, Subordinate and Independent Body Features and Physique and Muscular Strength. The appraisal of body cathexis: These were rated by respondents according to a 5-point Likert scale ranging from strong positive to strong negative cathexis.

In order for scsle structure to be catnexis the factors were rotated obliquely. Thorndike recommends a sample size of at least if the standard error in the inter-item correlation matrix is to be minimized. Log In Sign Up. The BCS has been used in a variety of studies showing relationships to parental attitudes Remy,body size Jourard and Secord,somatic symptoms Johnson, and self-esteem Weinburg, Although the a coefficient was high, this could have been due to the large cathfxis of items in the scale, consequently the inter-item correlations were examined.

Help Center Find new research papers in: Retrieved from ” https: Along with garment fit satisfaction, research also indicates that body image attitudes and emotions may be correlated with disordered eating behaviors. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

The results suggest that the measure has unidimensional properties.

The Italian version of the Body Cathexis Scale.

This finding further undermines claims of a multidimensional scale. Among the few empirical studies relevant to the relatedness of the body and the self is that of Schilder, who — through a series of self-report questionnaires — procured evidence suggesting that negative feelings, associations, and memories about the body can probe higher levels of dissatisfaction with the self. Considering the importance of the construct of body-self in notions of personality and self-concept, the scale clearly has utility in further psychological research.


Using scales of body cathexis and self cathexis, the Maslow Test of Psychological Security-Insecurity, and an anxiety-related body cathexis homonym test, Secord and Jourard concluded that the body and self tend to be cathected to the same degree. What Difference Does Gender Make?

The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 50 2 Body cathexis and the ideal female figure. The factor correlations reveal that they are not mutually independent as the smallest inter-factor correlation is 0. While the body has been studied by psychologists from numerous different viewpoints, few recent reports of systematic empirical research into feelings about the body exist.

It is argued, on the basis of this investigation, that the BCS has good psychometric properties.

Skip to main content. Remember me bdoy this computer. In addition to the purely kinaesthetic information gleaned from the body, much scsle the self-concept is dependent upon cultural attitudes to the physical attributes it possesses. Factor V is a body-built factor associated with weight, while Factor VI is a body-built factor associated with physique and muscular strength. Body image and eating disorders. Internal structure, factor satisfaction, and reliability of the body cathexis scale.

Body cathexis

Results indicate a strong unidimensional measure with high internal consistency. Skills 53, British Journal of Psychology.

Consumer behaviour Psychoanalytic terminology. Sex differences in body cathexis associated with exercise involvement. Although seven factors were extracted, showing clear simple structure, they cannot he held boody be very useful as independent operational constructs due to lack of determinancy.

The scale was completed in all cases within 20 min. Theory, M easurement, Development and Behaviour. Body cathexis and the self.

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